Our History

History of Society of Jesus

History of SJES

Father Pedro Arrupe

elected as 28th Superior General of SJ

22nd May 1965
Sep. 1968

Francisco Ivern, SJ

appointed as General's first advisor for social concerns in SJ.

1969

Fr. Francisco Ivern, SJ

takes over as the first Secretary of Jesuit Socio-Economic Development Secretariat (JESEDES)

General Congregation 32 in Rome. 16 Decrees passed. Dec. 4 on Our Mission Today: The service of Faith and the Promotion of Justice being one of the principal decree for Social commitment.

Dec. 1, 1974
Feb. 9, 1975

An informal, irregular JESEDES Bulletin with news and information published.

1975

Michael Campbell-Johnston, SJ

from British Province appointed as the Secretary of JESEDES, to succeed Francisco Ivern after Ivern became a General Counsellor.

January 1977

• JESEDES bulletin turned into Promotio Iustitiae (PI), a bi-monthly Journal from the Secretariat. PI published in English, Spanish and French. Initiated more for exchange of news, ideas and experiences from the field but also for sharing documents and publications.
• Between 1977 and 1985, M. Campbell-Johnston publishes first 30 issues of PI.
• JESEDES rechristened as “Social Secretariat SJ Curia”.

Feb. 9-10, 1980

Meeting of “Mission Ouvrière” (Priest-Worker movement) in Rome. 16 of 150 Jesuit Priest-workers from 6 countries participate in it (PI 16)

June 2-5, 1980

First International Conference of Directors of Social Institutes and Centres held at Curia. 23 Participants from 17 Countries (PI 18)

Nov. 14, 1980

Birth of Jesuit Refugee Services (JRS) as an extension of Social Secretariat SJ Curia.

Father Arrupe suffers a severe cerebral thrombosis

Aug. 7, 1981

Father Paolo Dezza, SJ appointed as Pontifical Delegate

Oct. 6, 1981

GC 33 is convoked

Dec. 8, 1982

• GC 33 in Rome. 6 Decrees passed.
• It elects Father Peter Hans Kolvenbach as 29th Superior General of SJ on Sept. 13, 1983.

Sep. 1 - Oct. 25, 1983
1985

Henry Volken, SJ

from Pune Province appointed as the Secretary of Social Justice Secretariat.

Between 1985 and 1992, H. Volken publishes 18 issues of PI (no. 31-48).

May 13 – 16, 1987

Second International Conference of Directors of Social Institutes / Centres held at Villa Cavaletti, Rome. 37 Participants (PI 35)

1992

Michael Czerny, SJ

from English Canada Province appointed as the Secretary of Social Secretariat SJ Curia, which is renamed as Social Justice Secretariat (SJS)

GC 34 in Rome. 26 Decrees Passed.
Decrees 2 – 5, clearly articulates the dimensions of the mission of SJ: Faith – Justice – inculturation and dialogue. Decree 20 invites Fr. General to make a study on Ecology

Jan. 5 – Mar. 22, 1995

• Between 1992 and 2002, M. Czerny publishes 27 issues of PI (no. 49 - 76).
• “Social Apostolate Initiative 1995 – 2005” launched to discover and renew the identity of the Jesuit Social Apostolate.

June 16 – 21, 1997

• The first Social Apostolate Congress in Naples, Italy.
• Theme: Towards the Justice of the Gospel in Society and Culture, 160 SJ participants.
• Outcome: Characteristics of Social Apostolate (PI 69).

1999

Secretariat initiates a study on Ecology and publishes “We live in a broken world” (PI 70, 1999)

Jan. 24, 2000

On the 50thAnniversary of Father Janssens’ Instructions on the Social Apostolate (1949), Father PH Kolvenbach sends a letter to the whole Society on the Status of Social Apostolate (PI 73, 2000).

October 2000

SJS Website and Headlines (HL) e-newsletter launched to “exchange news, stimulate contacts, share spirituality and promote networking”.

Dec. 3, 2002

Fernando Franco, SJ

from Gujarat Province takes over as the fifth Secretary of SJS

Apr. 6 – 12, 2003

• First Annual Assistancy Social Coordinators meeting held in Curia, Rome. Twelve participants along with the Secretary reflect on the Status of Social Apostolate and the challenges faced.
• Between 2002 and 2011, Fernando publishes 29 PIs (no. 77 – 105)

69th Procurators Congregation, Loyola-Spain

Sept. 18 – 24, 2003
2004 - 2009

• Secretariat initiates participation of Jesuits and collaborators in various World Social Forums (WSF) in Mumbai (2004); Porte Alegre (2005); Nairobi (2007); Belem (2009).
• Organizes Workshops on a) Seeking Peace in a Violent World – PI 89 (Santa Savera-Italy, Sep.2005); b) Common Apostolic Discernment (Drongen-Belgium, 2007); c) Global Financial Crisis (Brussels, Apr. 6-8, 2009)
• Task Force appointed to make a study on Globalization and Marginalization – (Feb. 2006)
• A Study of Jesuit Social Centres: Structuring the Social Apostolate is done (Feb. 2005)

• GC 35 in Rome. On Jan. 14th Resignation of PH Kolvenbach accepted.
Father Adolfo Nicolás, SJ elected as the 30th Superior General of the SJ on 19th Jan. 2008
• Six Decrees passed. One of them is Dec. 3: Challenges to our Mission Today with a call to Reconciliation: with God, with one another and creation

Jan. 7 – Mar. 6, 2008
Nov. 10-16, 2008

Birth of Global Ignatian Advocacy Global Network (GIAN) through a Global Ignatian Advocacy workshop (El Escorial-Spain, PI 101/2009). 45 participants from all conferences. Five issue-based networks emerge.

July 2010

• Fr. General appoints a Task Force on Jesuit Mission and Ecology. Outcome – Healing a Broken World (PI 106, 2011).
• Social Justice Secretariat (SJS) is renamed as Social Justice and Ecology Secretariat (SJES)

Sept. 2011

Patxi Álvarez, SJ

from then Loyola Province, Spain takes over as the sixth Secretary of SJES.

2011 - 2017

• Between 2011 and 2017, Patxi publishes 19 PIs (no. 106 – 124)
• A special issue on Four GIAN Networks [PI 110] and focussed issues on Ecology and Spirituality [PI 112], (Migration [PI 113], Education at the Margins [PI 114] and Governance of Natural and Mineral Resources [PI 118]) published in PI.
• A joint Task Force on Global Economy set up by SJES and HE Secretariat. A special report Justice in the Global Economy: Building Sustainable and Inclusive Communities is prepared and published jointly (PI 121, 2016).

• GC 36 in Rome. Two Decrees passed.
• On Oct. 3, the Resignation of Father Adolfo Nicolás accepted.
Father Arturo M. Sosa Abascal, SJ elected as the 31st Superior General of the SJ on Oct. 10, 2016
• Pope Francis visits and addresses the members of GC on Oct. 24

Oct. 3 – Nov. 12, 2016
June 2017

Xavier Jeyaraj, SJ

from Calcutta Province takes over as the seventh Secretary of SJES

2017 -

• GIAN is evaluated in May 2018 and its importance on advocacy and networking is re-emphasized by Father General
• A full-time Network Coordinator is appointed from Nov. 2018
• The 4 GIAN leaders become part of the Annual Meeting of Conf. Coordinators

Nov. 4 – 8, 2019

• Second Social Apostolate Congress to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the Secretariat in Rome.
• Theme: A Journey of Justice and Reconciliation: 50 years and beyond. Expected participants: 210 +

22nd May 1965

Father Pedro Arrupe

elected as 28th Superior General of SJ

Francisco Ivern, SJ

appointed as General's first advisor for social concerns in SJ.

Sep. 1968
1969

Fr. Francisco Ivern, SJ

takes over as the first Secretary of Jesuit Socio-Economic Development Secretariat (JESEDES)

General Congregation 32 in Rome. 16 Decrees passed. Dec. 4 on Our Mission Today: The service of Faith and the Promotion of Justice being one of the principal decree for Social commitment.

Dec. 1, 1974
Feb. 9, 1975

An informal, irregular JESEDES Bulletin with news and information published.

Michael Campbell-Johnston, SJ

from British Province appointed as the Secretary of JESEDES, to succeed Francisco Ivern after Ivern became a General Counsellor.

1975
January 1977

• JESEDES bulletin turned into Promotio Iustitiae (PI), a bi-monthly Journal from the Secretariat. PI published in English, Spanish and French. Initiated more for exchange of news, ideas and experiences from the field but also for sharing documents and publications.
• Between 1977 and 1985, M. Campbell-Johnston publishes first 30 issues of PI.
• JESEDES rechristened as “Social Secretariat SJ Curia”.

Meeting of “Mission Ouvrière” (Priest-Worker movement) in Rome. 16 of 150 Jesuit Priest-workers from 6 countries participate in it (PI 16)

Feb. 9-10, 1980
June 2-5, 1980

First International Conference of Directors of Social Institutes and Centres held at Curia. 23 Participants from 17 Countries (PI 18)

Birth of Jesuit Refugee Services (JRS) as an extension of Social Secretariat SJ Curia.

Nov. 14, 1980
Aug. 7, 1981

Father Arrupe suffers a severe cerebral thrombosis

Father Paolo Dezza, SJ appointed as Pontifical Delegate

Oct. 6, 1981
Dec. 8, 1982

GC 33 is convoked

• GC 33 in Rome. 6 Decrees passed.
• It elects Father Peter Hans Kolvenbach as 29th Superior General of SJ on Sept. 13, 1983.

Sep. 1 - Oct. 25, 1983
1985

Henry Volken, SJ

from Pune Province appointed as the Secretary of Social Justice Secretariat.

Between 1985 and 1992, H. Volken publishes 18 issues of PI (no. 31-48).

May 13 – 16, 1987

Second International Conference of Directors of Social Institutes / Centres held at Villa Cavaletti, Rome. 37 Participants (PI 35)

Michael Czerny, SJ

from English Canada Province appointed as the Secretary of Social Secretariat SJ Curia, which is renamed as Social Justice Secretariat (SJS)

1992
Jan. 5 – Mar. 22, 1995

GC 34 in Rome. 26 Decrees Passed.
Decrees 2 – 5, clearly articulates the dimensions of the mission of SJ: Faith – Justice – inculturation and dialogue. Decree 20 invites Fr. General to make a study on Ecology

• Between 1992 and 2002, M. Czerny publishes 27 issues of PI (no. 49 - 76).
• “Social Apostolate Initiative 1995 – 2005” launched to discover and renew the identity of the Jesuit Social Apostolate.

June 16 – 21, 1997

• The first Social Apostolate Congress in Naples, Italy.
• Theme: Towards the Justice of the Gospel in Society and Culture, 160 SJ participants.
• Outcome: Characteristics of Social Apostolate (PI 69).

Secretariat initiates a study on Ecology and publishes “We live in a broken world” (PI 70, 1999)

1999
Jan. 24, 2000

On the 50thAnniversary of Father Janssens’ Instructions on the Social Apostolate (1949), Father PH Kolvenbach sends a letter to the whole Society on the Status of Social Apostolate (PI 73, 2000).

SJS Website and Headlines (HL) e-newsletter launched to “exchange news, stimulate contacts, share spirituality and promote networking”.

October 2000
Dec. 3, 2002

Fernando Franco, SJ

from Gujarat Province takes over as the fifth Secretary of SJS

• First Annual Assistancy Social Coordinators meeting held in Curia, Rome. Twelve participants along with the Secretary reflect on the Status of Social Apostolate and the challenges faced.
• Between 2002 and 2011, Fernando publishes 29 PIs (no. 77 – 105)

Apr. 6 – 12, 2003
Sept. 18 – 24, 2003

69th Procurators Congregation, Loyola-Spain

• Secretariat initiates participation of Jesuits and collaborators in various World Social Forums (WSF) in Mumbai (2004); Porte Alegre (2005); Nairobi (2007); Belem (2009).
• Organizes Workshops on a) Seeking Peace in a Violent World – PI 89 (Santa Savera-Italy, Sep.2005); b) Common Apostolic Discernment (Drongen-Belgium, 2007); c) Global Financial Crisis (Brussels, Apr. 6-8, 2009)
• Task Force appointed to make a study on Globalization and Marginalization – (Feb. 2006)
• A Study of Jesuit Social Centres: Structuring the Social Apostolate is done (Feb. 2005)

2004 - 2009
Jan. 7 – Mar. 6, 2008

• GC 35 in Rome. On Jan. 14th Resignation of PH Kolvenbach accepted.
Father Adolfo Nicolás, SJ elected as the 30th Superior General of the SJ on 19th Jan. 2008
• Six Decrees passed. One of them is Dec. 3: Challenges to our Mission Today with a call to Reconciliation: with God, with one another and creation

Birth of Global Ignatian AdvocacyGlobal Ignatian Advocacy Network (GIAN) through a workshop (El Escorial-Spain, PI 101/2009). 45 participants from all conferences. Five issue-based networks emerge.

Nov. 10-16, 2008
July 2010

• Fr. General appoints a Task Force on Jesuit Mission and Ecology. Outcome – Healing a Broken World (PI 106, 2011).
• Social Justice Secretariat (SJS) is renamed as Social Justice and Ecology Secretariat (SJES)

Patxi Álvarez, SJ

from then Loyola Province, Spain takes over as the sixth Secretary of SJES.

Sept. 2011
2011 - 2017

• Between 2011 and 2017, Patxi publishes 19 PIs (no. 106 – 124)
• A special issue on Four GIAN Networks [PI 110] and focussed issues on Ecology and Spirituality [PI 112], (Migration [PI 113], Education at the Margins [PI 114] and Governance of Natural and Mineral Resources [PI 118]) published in PI.
• A joint Task Force on Global Economy set up by SJES and HE Secretariat. A special report Justice in the Global Economy: Building Sustainable and Inclusive Communities is prepared and published jointly (PI 121, 2016).

• GC 36 in Rome. Two Decrees passed.
• On Oct. 3, the Resignation of Father Adolfo Nicolás accepted.
Father Arturo M. Sosa Abascal, SJ elected as the 31st Superior General of the SJ on Oct. 10, 2016
• Pope Francis visits and addresses the members of GC on Oct. 24

Oct. 3 – Nov. 12, 2016
June 2017

Xavier Jeyaraj, SJ

from Calcutta Province takes over as the seventh Secretary of SJES

• GIAN is evaluated in May 2018 and its importance on advocacy and networking is re-emphasized by Father General
• A full-time Network Coordinator is appointed from Nov. 2018
• The 4 GIAN leaders become part of the Annual Meeting of Conf. Coordinators

2017 -
Nov. 4 – 8, 2019

• Second Social Apostolate Congress to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the Secretariat in Rome.
• Theme: A Journey of Justice and Reconciliation: 50 years and beyond. Expected participants: 210 +