Latin America - New migration dynamics of Central America and risks in protecting their human rights

The risks associated with displacement are greater when victims are young people: girls, boys and adolescents who stop attending the education system or do so in fear due to factors associated with violence and insecurity, such as gang threats. Below is an analysis of Central America’s new migration dynamics and their current dangers, in a report presented by the Panamerican Development Foundation. The physical and heritage integrity of the migrant population in Central America, as well as the protection of their human rights, face increasing risks in the face of new migration dynamics, which since 2000 have been determined by the increase in the flows of unaccompanied women and minors, forced displacement, mobility in massive groups called “caravans” and the increase of people applying for refugee status. According to the main findings of the research project “International Migrations, Refugees and Internal Displacements in Central America” sponsored by the Panamerican Development Foundation (PADF), these new dynamics have made the migration phenomenon more complex. In 2018, UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) registered 315,779 applications for refuge from central American people. 38% of these were made by people from El Salvador, 27% were Nicaraguans and 24% from Hondurans. Except for Nicaraguans, of which 73% are directed to Costa Rica, applicants from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras have as their first destination the United States, as the second Mexico and Spain rank third for Salvadorans and Canada for Guatemalans. Read more…